SYMPTOMS OF DISEASE

When Your Sinuses Fail

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Sinus problems begin when the sinus pathways become obstructed as a result of inflammation, which causes the nasal membranes to swell, narrowing the air’s pathway Inflammation in the breathing system occurs when you are exposed to an infection (stemming from bacteria, a virus, or mold), allergens, or other irritants (such as pollution, cigarette smoke, car exhaust, or perfumes).

Many

I FEEL MISERABLE

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At this point you are not feeling well at all. Your nose is stuffed, and you may have a headache. You may feel rundown and your thinking is clouded. But because you can still mostly function, you continue to go about your days and nights not feeling well but not really complaining either. You may have felt

CAID

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In the past, your sinus condition would be diagnosed depending on where your doctor believed the majority of the inflammation first occurred. For example, I used to consider the nose and the sinuses as separate entities. I spoke about rhinitis when I was dealing with an inflammation of the nose, and sinusitis when I referred to inflammation of the sinuses. While it is possible

IDENTIFYING CAID

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The first step in improving your health is to identify the signs and symptoms you may be experiencing. Sometimes, a particular symptom may represent the actual diagnosis, such as when a patient comes in and tells me that every time she is near fresh-cut grass she begins to sneeze. This reaction is a common symptom of an allergy to grass. Or an individual

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF A SINUS INFECTION Nasal Discharge

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When inflammation affects the nose and/or the sinuses, your nose will run, because the nose and sinuses will produce additional mucus to try to wash away the offending agent whether infection, allergy or irritating particle like smoke, car exhaust, or pollution. An increase in nasal discharge can make you feel like you have to continually wipe your nose, or it can increase the amount of normal postnasal drip and make

Nasal Obstruction/Nasal Congestion

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As a result of inflammation, nasal stuffiness and nasal obstruction or blockage can occur. You might not notice the almost complete nasal blockage, because the body’s natural tendency is to compensate for this obstruction through mouth breathing. Because this occurs over a long period of time, you might not even recognize that you are breathing through your mouth.

When you feel that

Headaches

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When the sinuses become obstructed, pressure gradients are created between the closed sinus and the changing air pressure in the environment.

This can cause headaches that range from dull pressure to piercing pain. Sinus membranes are very sensitive to changes in pressure, causing you to feel a significant amount of pain with even a small pressure differential. When the pressure

Ear Squeeze

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When there are significant pressure changes in the environment and your sinuses are obstructed, you can develop a pain in the face or forehead that feels like a sharp stab, as if you were being attacked with a knife. This pain can be accompanied by a nose bleed: The negative pressure can tear a blood vessel or the membrane itself. This is called “sinus squeeze” because it feels as if someone were putting your sinuses

Postnasal Drip

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Everyone produces 1-2 liters of mucus each day. Most of the time you swallow it unnoticed. However, when mucus is particularly thick or excessive, you will notice it. You might feel as if you were choking or that something were caught in your throat. This feeling is referred to as postnasal drip. The acidic pH of the mucus is itself inflammatory and can also cause

Sneezing

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When dust or other particles enter your nose, your body’s protective response is to sneeze to expel the particle. That is why when people suffer from allergies, they sneeze a lot. When allergens land on the membranes of the nose, and the normal reaction is to sneeze to expel the allergens.

Cough

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Mucus usually passes down the throat to the esophagus. If it instead lands on the vocal cords, it can pass into the windpipe and then into the lungs. When this occurs, your body will rely on another protective mechanism: You will start coughing so that the mucus does

Throat Clearing

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When infected mucus drips or gets caught in the back of your throat it can cause discomfort. You will naturally try to get rid of the feeling by employing another protective mechanism: clearing your throat. Throat clearing is related to coughing but is different in that it is a reaction to mucus in the throat, not in the lungs. Furthermore, because

Hoarseness

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If enough mucus inflames the voice box, this area of the throat will swell, causing hoarseness and, in extreme cases, laryngitis. Worse, when the voice box becomes inflamed, polyps of the vocal cords can form. If you suffer from GERD and/or LPRD, the vocal cords can become irritated by acids from the stomach, which can itself cause hoarseness. GERD and LPRD can also cause swelling of the vocal cords and to the area

Sore Throat

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When mucus that is carrying infection, irritants, or allergens coats the throat, it can irritate its lining, which can make your throat red and sore and cause painful swallowing. Occasionally, pus will form on the membranes of the throat.

An infection of the sinuses can drain to Waldeyer’s ring, the lymphatic tissue around the throat. This can cause tonsillitis and adenoiditis, especially in children.

Swollen Glands

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In addition to Waldeyer’s ring, the neck has about 300 tiny lymph nodes. These are imperceptible except when they become enlarged, either through infection or when a tumor appears. When this lymphatic tissue becomes enlarged, we refer to the condition as swollen glands. When this occurs, you may feel lumps or marble-like structures along the sides of your neck. The swollen glands

Mouth Breathing

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When your nose and sinuses become congested, the amount of air that can reach your lungs is compromised. The body’s natural method to compensate for this lack of air intake is to allow us to breathe through our mouths. But mouth breathing is not normal: We are intended to breathe

Decreased or Absent Sense of Smell and/or Taste

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When the olfactory nerve endings are inflamed the area around them is inflamed, the odors, scents, and smells from the outside world cannot be
decoded. Your sense of smell will be dulled or may even disappear. Consequently, your sense of taste will suffer. Very often this dysfunction becomes gradually worse over time, and you may not even realize that you are having a problem with these two senses. However, it is not necessary to go through life without a clear

Dental and Facial Pain

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The roots of the upper teeth often protrude into the maxillary sinus, where an infection can spread from the sinuses to the teeth, or vice versa. An infection that occurs in this manner can feel like pain in a single tooth or in a group of teeth. When this occurs, you may experience dental

Sensation of a Bad/ Foul Smell: Parosmia

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Some people can smell a bad or foul odor that travels with them throughout the day. Sometimes the smell is reminiscent of a moldy locker room. Occasionally it will be described as the smell of something burning. Often, the person notices the smell but can’t figure out where it is coming from. While the person suffering from this symptom can actually be exuding this smelly odor, others around them may or may not pick up on the odor

Nose Bleeds

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If your sinuses and/or nose are infected, the inside of the nose will become dry as a result of the crusting and the change in air patterns stemming from the nasal obstruction. The infection can cause breaks in the membranes, and this can cause bleeding. You might see blood in your mucus. This bleeding can become more severe if the affected vessels are big enough or the damage to the membranes is significant. The medical

Nasal Polyps

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Nasal polyps are benign growths or tumors that grow from the membranes of the sinuses or nose. It is theorized that polyps are caused by infection. It appears that under the polyp is infected bone. It is unclear whether the polyp stems from an original infection in the bone

Papilloma

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Papilloma are warts that form in the nose and/or the sinuses. There are two types of warts. The benign version is similar to those you may have on your hands or feet that grow outward. This papilloma is most commonly found on the septum or the turbinates. The second type is an inverted papilloma, which grows into the lining of the nose

This initial hit of inflammation would probably lead you to believe that you had come down with a simple cold.