LONG-TERM MEDICATIONS Inhaled Corticosteroids

. Posted in ASTHMA

ICSs play an important role in the management of chronic asthma. Studies have shown that if used regularly, the ICSs reduce the frequency of the symptoms, reduce the need for rescue inhalers, reduce the risk
of serious complications, lower the rate of hospital admissions, and improve the quality of life overall.

A common side effect is the development of an oral fungal infection called thrush. The risk of this can be reduced by using a spacer with an MDI, and rinsing your mouth immediately after the medication has been administered. ICSs have less systemic side effects compared with the oral steroids due to the fact that the medication is delivered to the lungs with only minimal absorption into the bloodstream. However, some studies have shown significant bone loss in patients using high doses of ICS.

Commonly prescribed ICSs

Fluticasone (Flovent)

Budesonide (Pulmicort)

Beclomethasone (Beclovent, Vanceril, Becloforte, Qvar)

Triamcinolone (Azmacort)

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